Scientists, hunters, managers and conservationists are meeting in the IREC to discuss strategies to prevent the effects of African swine fever in wild boar and discuss the implications for conservation and hunting activity to a health emergency.
Predation African swine fever (ASF) is a lethal and highly contagious viral disease that affects both the domestic pig and a wild boar. Although Spain is a country free of PPA for almost 25 years, the virus has begun to spread to the north and east of Europe. If you were to Spain, impacts on pig production, hunting and the environment would be dramaticSince it would entail the compulsory slaughter of pigs from the affected farms and mortalities in wild boar populations that could exceed 90%.
The steady increase in the abundance of wild boars in the Iberian Peninsula over the past decades it has become a growing cause of conflicts with livestock and animal health. In fact, this game species is a key element of the epidemiology of the PPA, but also tuberculosis, so It is essential to establish biosafety protocols and population management strategies intended to prevent the expansion of infections by early detection in natural populations of boar. For it, It is essential joint work of scientists, hunters, managers and conservationists.
The overabundance of boars involves a greater risk of environmental health problems, socioeconomic and.
This is the scenario that marked the development of the Seminar on prevention of the effects of PPA for hunting and conservation of biodiversity (PrePePA)Held on November 28 at the headquarters of the Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC) Ciudad Real, thanks to a project funded by the Biodiversity Foundation of the Ministry for Ecological Transition. The main event of the day was the lecture given by Dr. Christian Gortázar, Professor of Animal Health at the University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM), under the title "Warthogs, hunting and health - Preparations before the PPA". After presenting the current situation of the disease in Europe and raise the difficulties and opportunities for improvement for the sound management of populations of wild boar, Dr. Gortázar deepened in the protocols and strategies to be adopted to prevent the spread of disease and prevent health emergencies.
The steady increase in the abundance of wild boars in the Iberian Peninsula over the past decades has become a growing cause of conflicts with livestock and animal health.
In Spain already hunt wild boars over 400,000 the year, but the available scientific data suggest that it would be necessary to increase extraction rates to stabilize their population abundances. De este modo no solo se conseguirían reducir los riesgos sanitarios, sino que además disminuirían las incidencias por accidentes tráfico, los daños a la agricultura y los impactos negativos sobre el medio ambiente –como por ejemplo, el impacto que tiene su depredación sobre las especies de aves que anidan en el suelo, como la perdiz–, todos asociados con la sobreabundancia de jabalí. Por otro lado, hay que considerar que los residuos de los jabalíes cazados en los eventos cinegéticos –las vísceras y otros despojos de los animales abatidos– suponen un problema si se abandonan en el campo, ya que quedan a merced de otros jabalíes, potenciándose los riesgos de contagio en caso de infección. Así, es muy recomendable la destrucción de estos residuos mediante sistemas autorizados, o su eliminación eficaz a través de las aves necrófagas, ya que “boars give a good account of what did not remove the vultures”.
Detecting boar carcasses is crucial for early identification of possible infectious diseases such as PPA.
Management overabundance of wild boars and hunting management of waste are problems with many facets that require the collaboration of all sectors involved. In this sense, the effort brings IREC looking for ways to improve the effectiveness of hunting, Providing scientific data to support claims simplification of some regulations that hinder the exercise of hunting wild boar, while control of the overabundance of wild boars is a service that hunters provide to the whole society.
The PrePePA day concluded with an interesting round table in which he addressed the role of hunting in control of the overabundance of wild boars and in which they were discussed various strategies to prevent access by wild boar hunting waste without hampering their practice. En esta parte del acto se contó con la inestimable colaboración de Luis J. Romero, Jefe del Área de Epidemiología del Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación; María Llanos Gabaldón, Jefa del Servicio de Caza y Pesca de la Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha; Juan Herrera y Nicolás Urbani, Director de la Escuela Española de Caza y Asesor Técnico Veterinario, respectivamente, de la Real Federación Española de Caza; Agustín Rabadán, Presidente de la Federación de Caza Castilla-La Mancha; Jaime Capilla, del Servicio de Sanidad Animal de la Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha; Luis Fernando Villanueva, Director General de la Fundación Artemisan; el Dr. Rafael Mateo, Director del IREC; y Tincho Dabezies, Sociólogo de la Universidad de la República (Uruguay) especializado en el estudio de la caza.
PrePePA round table conference held on 28 November 2019 at the IREC.
At the event they were also attended numerous stakeholders in the world of hunting and the management and conservation of the environment, Among which highlighted the presence and interventions of Santiago Ballesteros, lawyer and legal adviser to the Hunting Federation of Castilla-La Mancha, the National Office of Hunting and Hunting Association of Regional Rehal and Freedom; and Dr. Diego Queirolo, an ecologist at the University of the Republic (Uruguay).
In this video, derived from the project "Preventing the effects of African swine fever on hunting and biodiversity conservation (PrePePA)"Several animal health experts and hunting management of the importance of sound management of populations of wild boar and proper management of waste from boars hunted in hunting events to avoid health emergencies speak.