Fundamentals of the need for wild boar control in Spain

    The wild boar (Sus scrofa), the wild ancestor of the domestic pig, has become a problem species in Europe, causing environmental effects, damage to agriculture, traffic accidents and other risks to public health, generating growing conflicts with livestock and animal health.

    Due to changes in land uses that are taking place across Europe and the relative scarcity of stable populations of the wolf, its main natural predator, hunting has become the main tool for effectively regulating swine populations.

    The present technical document, prepared by Nicolás Urbani, veterinary technical advisor of the Royal Spanish Hunting Federation (RFEC), and Christian Gortázar, professor of Animal Health at the University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM) and head of the Research Group in Health and Biotechnology ( SaBio) of the Institute for Research in Game Resources (IREC - CSIC, UCLM, JCCM), provides a series of practical foundations to optimize the management and control of wild boar populations in Spain.

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